[32] U.S. For example, the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, a national compact, became effective once it was enacted by 35 states. For a discussion of Supreme Court jurisprudence on the Privileges and Immunities Clause, see Congressional Research Service, Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, supra note 16, at 965–77. An example of such a compact would be one that covers an issue affecting all states, but that permits only certain states to be a party to it. Accessibility | I, art. Extradition. Congress has inserted itself into the negotiations over, administration of, and participation in interstate compacts. A . The following are several such examples: Prepared by Andrew Winston [5]  Other methods include direct negotiations by the governors themselves, promotion of compacts by the National Conference of State Legislatures,[6] and enactment by one state legislature of a proposed compact and an invitation by that state to others to enact identical statutes. [55], Similarly, the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Compact provides that each state party to the compact is to designate three representatives to serve on the commission created by the compact. [2] Michael L. Buenger et al., The Evolving Law and Use of Interstate Compacts 3 (2d ed. Louisiana belongs to 37 interstate compacts. Internal rules for the administration of activity under an interstate compact may include, for example, the following: The Council of State Governments provides a detailed list of governance and operational matters that are recommended to be addressed in provisions for an interstate agency. Robert M . Interstate Commission for Adult Offender Supervision Ensuring Public Safety for the 21st Century The US Supreme Court has held that the term “compact” should be understood to refer to a “contract.”[1]  Interstate compacts are the only method permitted by the US Constitution for states to change their relationship to one another in a significant way. [4], The negotiation process for compacts often involves the creation of joint commissions including members appointed by the governors of the negotiating states. [74]  Some compacts have been enacted into federal law by Congress and provide for direct involvement by the federal government in the matters addressed by the compact, such as the Interstate Agreement on Detainers,[75] which applies to transfers of sentenced prisoners for unrelated trials. Those interstate agency websites, like that of the Multistate Tax Commission described above, may include an agency’s compact, bylaws, other internal governing documents, guidance documents for member states, annual reports, and other materials. Alabama belongs to 42 interstate compacts. Kentucky belongs to 39 interstate compacts. For compacts that contemplate future decisions, decision making may be delegated to the interstate agency that is formed by the compact on which representatives of the states party to the compact serve, or another governing body with the parties’ representatives, such as a board. Minnesota belongs to 32 interstate compacts. Michigan belongs to 32 interstate compacts. Virginia belongs to 55 interstate compacts. Interstate Compact: A voluntary arrangement between two or more states that is designed to solve their common problems and that becomes part of the laws of each state. West Virginia belongs to 42 interstate compacts. Examples include the EMAC, the Interstate Compact on Juveniles, the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision, the Interstate Compact on Industrialized/Modular Buildings and the Interstate Insurance Receivership Compact. [58] Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Compact, supra note 48. Grants of Franchise to Corporations by Two States. Jobs | [54]  The commission may take action only at a meeting at which a majority of those commissioners or their alternates is in attendance, and any action taken requires approval of a majority at the meeting. Wyoming belongs to 37 interstate compacts. I, art. Formation of Interstate Compacts : An interstate compact is an agreement between or among two or more states of the United States. [43] Missouri-Nebraska Boundary Compact (1999), http://apps.csg.org/ncic/PDF/Missouri-Nebraska Boundary Compact.pdf. [47] Council of State Governments, Compact Governance, supra note 45, at 1. It is a web-based system. 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