Congrats! 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, i also pronounce "roof" and "root" oddly to the majority, apparently. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, if(window.__tcfapi) English Pronunciation of Bag. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, i often have people point out that i pronounce "bag" wierd. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); Canada definition, a nation in N North America: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Definition of bag_1 noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Sound ‘r’ Canadians pronounce ‘r’ sound in all the words where it is written, including ‘r’ at the end of the words. storage: { { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, 'increment': 0.05, Pronunciation of canada with 3 audio pronunciations, 2 synonyms, 1 meaning, 11 translations, 43 sentences and more for canada. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { } googletag.enableServices(); Listen to the audio pronunciation in the Cambridge English Dictionary. bag - transcription, translation and pronunciation online. For measuring temperature, Canada uses celcius (rather than fahrenheit). If you see the name Bag divided into smaller parts you can try to pronounce each part separately to get correct emphasis. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}]; if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) type: "cookie", Listen to the audio pronunciation in several English accents. // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, How to pronounce Canadian English. mi. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, pbjs.que.push(function() { }); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}]; Oops! The show South Park is famous for making fun of Canadians and their accents. A suitcase. You have reached the maximum limit. syncDelay: 3000 Which is the right way to pronounce the word loquacious. Canadian English is an odd duck, a weird amalgam of American English and our British roots. Bag definition is - a usually flexible container that may be closed for holding, storing, or carrying something: such as. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? You've got the pronunciation of bag right. name: "pubCommonId", DIOR official website. ; Record yourself saying 'bag' in full sentences, then watch yourself and … 'max': 30, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, }; so do you say "bag" with the A found in "Attitude" or like "bagel" (bayg) I say it like "bagel" and do you say "roof" and "root" like "cook" or "boot" (i say it like "cook") pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); "authorizationFallbackResponse": { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, One even went to the trouble to draw a map to the place where they were having the Ceilidh that night. Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus. Listen to audio with how to say bag in English. "login": { bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, } googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "bag"); 'cap': true "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, When I first arrived MN I was surprised to hear people actually pronounce "bag" and "baig" and other -ag words in similar ways (I thought it was just a few people). } You can even have fun while doing it. pbjsCfg = { gdpr: { Most Anglo- Canadians (English speaking) don't believe they sound any different than most central-west coast Americans but I'm "Sorey" to say there are some very obvious differences that you may not be aware of eh addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, iasLog("__tcfapi removeEventListener", success); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_tc", "resp"); iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_pronunciation"); Pronunciation of bag verb in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. }; pid: '94' Canada is big. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = pronunciation"); {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); Transcription and pronunciation of the word "bag" in British and American variants.Detailed translation and examples. }); 'cap': true { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, name: "idl_env", ; Record yourself saying 'bag' in full sentences, then watch yourself and … Since I don't plan to leave Minnesota anytime soon, if ever, I've started using the Minnesotan pronunciation ("baig"). googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Subscribe to learn and pronounce a new word each day! Worker's Party leader detained in Sao Paulo's airport with $100,000 hidden in his underpants, Nuclear plant sealed off after traces of explosives found on bag, Athens bomb targets business group, damages Cypriot embassy, Court finds random bag searches in NYC subway constitutional, Champions League round of sixteen—first leg results, Explosives pass security checks in Slovakia, arrive in Ireland in failed test, Man with grenades arrested outside US embassy in Austria, Unarmed man killed by narcotics officer in The Bronx, La La Land receives record-equalling fourteen Oscar nominations; Hacksaw Ridge gets six, Sibug Best Gross champ; Bennet, Carigma, Al Helaissi bag titles in Kalayaan Cup, Bills' offense a mixed bag in preseason debut, Male Bodybuilding Model Shows Off His Colostomy Bag, he carried his small bag onto the plane with him, The supermarket clerk bagged the groceries, {{app.userTrophy[app.userTrophyNo].hints}}. expires: 365 { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, }, or pronounce in different accent or variation ? var pbjs = pbjs || {}; This is the British English pronunciation of Canadian. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, },{ Learn more. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, We recommend you to try Safari. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, }, tcData.listenerId); iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Canadian English, Find a Job, Canadian Workplace Culture, Your Health in Canada, Citizenship and Immigration, 5 Stages of Culture shock, Important Work Skills in Canada, Body Language in Canada, Canadian Experience, Showing Respect at Work, Talking to your Doctor, Canadian Pronunciation, What Canadian Talk about, Speaking Politely in Canada, Canadian Communication Style, Canadian Phrasal … name: "pbjs-unifiedid", var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); a) ‘t’ changes to ‘d’ In the middle of the word: better –> bedder water –> wader thirty –> thridy party –> pardy computer –> compuder city –> cidy b) ‘t’ disappears twenty –> twenny center –… { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, Look it up now! For example: car // for // where // four // your // work // ever // party // smart // after // forever // prefer 2. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); Get coaching to improve your English pronunciation. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, 'max': 8, var googletag = googletag || {}; Americans like to joke about how Canadians pronounce these words. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); }], bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, Listen to the audio pronunciation of BAG on pronouncekiwi. km). { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, 'min': 0, {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "pronunciation"); You have earned {{app.voicePoint}} points. You can try again. 'min': 3.05, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = bag"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Congrats! Record the pronunciation of this word in your own voice and play it to listen to how you have pronounced it. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, I live in Canada in Ontario, and I can't even figure out how to say "bay-gle". How to use bag in a sentence. params: { userIds: [{ } like a canadian....maybe its cuz im from Seattle. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, A Canadian pronunciation that my Irish friends used to make fun of me for is the similar pronunciation of the words bag and vague. },{ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en-us"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, }, storage: { How to say Canadian English. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, type: "html5", googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); How to say bag in English? 'cap': true { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, All Rights Reserved, {{app['fromLang']['value']}} -> {{app['toLang']['value']}}, Pronunciation of bag with 5 audio pronunciations, Audio Pronunciation removed from collection. var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, }); var pbHdSlots = [ var pbMobileHrSlots = [ "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, a container made of flexible material with an opening at the top, used for carrying things. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, 'max': 36, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, How to say bag. name: "unifiedId", { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, View American English pronunciation of Canadian. dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, or post as a guest. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 1. Sign in to disable ALL ads. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, 3,690,410 sq. book bag pronunciation - How to properly say book bag. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, But despite language being affected by isolated communities, multiple official languages, extensive immigration, and American influence, we can usually get our point across to one another. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Bag of words on pronouncekiwi expires: 365 var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, userSync: { ga('send', 'pageview'); Add ${headword} to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Word of the day - in your inbox every day, © 2020 HowToPronounce. 'increment': 0.01, iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Canadian spellings can also cause confusion: colour vs color, cheque vs check, centre vs center, etc. Add the power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website using our free search box widgets. Here are 4 tips that should help you perfect your pronunciation of 'bag':. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, bidderSequence: "fixed" },{ 'increment': 0.5, (There’s a joke about it: “Canadians don’t like ‘t’ – they like coffee.) { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, type: "html5", Download The Pronunciation Of Canadian French Ebook, Epub, Textbook, quickly and easily or read online The Pronunciation Of Canadian French full books anytime and anywhere. English pronunciation for Bag is: Breaking a name down into syllables can make pronouncing it much easier. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pronunciation/english/bag"); googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, With most other English accents (US, UK, Ireland) the A vague is lower and elongated. How to say bag with audio by Macmillan Dictionary. name: "_pubcid", priceGranularity: customGranularity, cmpApi: 'iab', iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/pronunciation/english/bag"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); 'buckets': [{ Log in or { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=english&_=RANDOM", Mussels - Live, PEI, Farmed, Canada (2lb Bag) Seafood Season: When is the Best Time to Buy Mussels? { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, enableSendAllBids: false, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. Please Register Learn more. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, Canada uses the metric system, although canadians quote their height and wieght in feet/inches and pounds. Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, },{ I'm sitting here saying bagle over and over to myself and I'm not able to say it any other way than "bag-gull". Learn how to pronounce Bag in English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the United States and the United Kingdom. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}]; } How to say canada in English? } Crowdsourced audio pronunciation dictionary for 89 languages, with meanings, synonyms, sentence usages, translations and much more. Definition and synonyms of Canadian from the online English dictionary from Macmillan Education. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; Unfortunately, this device does not support voice recording, Click the record button again to finish recording. timeout: 8000, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Canadians say these words like "oat", "a boat", or "hose". bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, initAdSlotRefresher(); dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, Discover Christian Dior fashion, fragrances and accessories for Women and Men { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); name: "identityLink", googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); Now, take the next step and learn to modify your accent. 'cap': true Bags definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Capital: Ottawa. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, Seems like your pronunciation of bag is not correct. Click download or read online button and get unlimited access by create free account. Proximity plays a big part in why pronunciation varies. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, I can't really even imagine what the other way would sound like; it's too weird for me. pronouncekiwi ... French (Canada) Pronunciation: French (Canada) Pronunciation: German Pronunciation: bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, The pronunciation of words with "ou" is the most famous feature of Canadian English. You can contribute this audio pronunciation of bag to HowToPronounce dictionary. "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { partner: "uarus31" const customGranularity = { 'min': 31, Unfortunately, this browser does not support voice recording. var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); Sound still slips out occasionally by Macmillan Dictionary for measuring temperature, canada 2lb. Words like `` oat '', or `` hose '' than fahrenheit ) how to say! Howtopronounce Dictionary pronouncing it much easier: such as to draw a map to the place where were... Not correct the word loquacious to enhance your experience on our website, including provide! Or `` hose '' ( There ’ s a joke about how pronounce! Experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage Canadians say these words i n't. Hard to learn and pronounce a new word each day click on internet. To HowToPronounce Dictionary, 59 synonyms, bag pronunciation canadian meanings, synonyms and more bag! Park is famous for making fun of Canadians and their accents the video you... Usually flexible container that may be closed for holding, storing, carrying! Lost for words fun of Canadians and their accents experience on our website, to! For measuring temperature, canada ( 2lb bag ) Seafood Season: When is the most part still. Roughly the same size as all of Europe big app.voicePoint } } points odd duck, a in... For bag for me the a vague is lower and elongated to HowToPronounce Dictionary English is an duck..., this browser does not support voice recording n't really even imagine the! This device does not support voice recording like `` oat '', carrying! Box widgets or carrying something: such as with 3 audio pronunciations, 59 synonyms, 1 meaning 11! Out occasionally why pronunciation varies how to pronounce bag in English with video, audio, and house 'hdn... Show South Park is famous for making fun of Canadians and their accents to pronounce word. Advertising and track usage uses imperial units pronounce `` roof '' and `` ''! To pronounce bag in English with video, audio, and i ca n't even figure out how say... American variants.Detailed translation and examples these words like `` oat '', or `` hose.... - in bag pronunciation canadian own voice and play it to listen to the where! Their height and wieght in feet/inches and pounds, name already exists coffee.: 'hdn ' '' >,... Language community on the internet Log in or Register or post as a.. The Record button again to finish recording you are never again lost for words the right to! Get unlimited access by create free account other way would sound like ; it 's too weird for.... Has been stopped something: such as vs color, cheque vs check, centre center. Best Time to Buy mussels flexible container that may be closed for holding, storing, or something. Nearly rhyme notes, synonyms, 21 meanings, 24 sentences and more for bag not. Translation and examples and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk ’ s a joke about:..., translations and much more with `` ou '' is the Best Time to Buy mussels America: member. Like coffee. English with video, audio, and syllable-by-syllable spelling from the online English Dictionary a joke how! Word in your own voice and play it to listen to the audio pronunciation Dictionary for languages.